Federal Office for Agriculture and Food

Legal Basis

This page lists the legal bases, administrative rules and decrees adopted by the Federal Ministries in connection with sustainable biomass production.

Legislative rules concerning sustainable biomass production are based on Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. Directive 2009/28/EC sets obligatory targets for the use of renewable energy sources while prescribing the sustainable production of energy from biomass, and defining sustainability criteria to be implemented by the European Union member states, starting 5 December 2010.

In Germany, the following rules are relevant for the implementation of the sustainability criteria according to Directive 2009/28/EG:

Where biofuels are concerned, the Biofuel Sustainability Ordinance (Biokraft-NachV) entered into force on 2 November 2009. The regulation is legally based on the Federal Energy Tax Act (EnergieStG) and on the Federal Emission Control Act (BImSchG). Where bioenergy is concerned, the Biomass-Energy Sustainability Ordinance (BioSt-NachV) entered into force on 24 August 2009. It is based on the Renewable Energies Law (EEG).

Administrative rules regarding the Biokraft-NachV and the BioSt-NachV are intended for the BLE. They contain concrete information on legal rules for the practical implementation of sustainable biomass production.

Laws and Regulations (in English and in German)

Directive 2009/28/EG in English
Energiesteuergesetz (Energy Tax Law) in German
Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetz (Federal Emission Control Act) in German
Biokraftstoff-Nachhaltigkeitsverordnung (Biokraft-NachV) (Biofuels Sustainability Ordinance) in German
Biomassestrom-Nachhaltigkeitsverordnung (BioSt-NachV) (Biomass Energy Sustainability Ordinance) in German
Bekanntmachung von Treibhausgas-Emissionswerten (Announcement of greenhouse gas emission values) in German
Bekanntmachung zu den Treibhausgasen-Emissionswerten im Falle einer Vermischung von Biomasse (Announcement regarding greenhouse gas emission values in case of biomass mixture) in German